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高考英语经常考到∑的13个句型汇总!

句型1

would rather that somebody did…“宁愿……;更愿意……”(表示现在或↙将来的愿望)


would rather that somebody had done…“宁愿……;更愿意……”(表示过去】的愿望)


[例句]


I‘d rather you posted the letter right now. 我想让你现在去寄信。


I‘d rather that i hadn’t seen her yesterday. 我情愿昨天没有看到她。

句型2

as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像……(表示现肌肉扭曲在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用龙秀书虫过去完成时)【参考句型4】


[例句]


Alan talked about rome as if he had been there. Alan谈起㊣ 罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。

句型3

“wish +宾语从句”,表示不大 可能啊实现的愿望


表示现在的愿望:主语+过去时;


表示过去的愿◥望:主语+had done;


表示将来的愿△望:主语+would/could do


[例句]


How i wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves!我们学顿时外面一阵鸡飞狗跳生多么希望有更多的自由时间放松自①己!

句型4

it‘s high/about time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略) …早就该……


[例句]


It’s high time that we did something to improve our environment. 该是我们为环保做些事冷念枫盟主在此之前情了。

句型5

情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法


could have done “本来可以……”(表示过去没◣有实现的可能)。


might have done “本来可能……;本来应该或可以做少女秋水双眸一寒某事”(实际没有发生;含∴有轻微的责备语气。


should/ought to have done “本来边走边道该做某事”(而实际未做)


should not/ought not to have done “本■来不该做√”(实际却pkbngt做过了,含」有责备语气)


needn’t have done “本来不必做”(但≡是已经做过了)


would rather have done “当时宁愿做了某事”(实际没有做过);否定式would rather not have done表达相反中三天顾氏家族意思,两者都有表骨头示“后悔”之意。

句型6

as, though, although引导的〗让步状语从句。


[注意]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。


[例句]


Although/though i‘m young, i already know what career i want to follow


→young as/though i am, i already know what career i want to follow.


我虽】然年轻,但我已经明白对方这样我应该追随什么样的事业。


Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident. 这次意外虽然显得不可思◎议,却没有人受伤。

句型7

…before…特殊用法(1)“没来得及……就……”


[例句]


The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.


他还没有来得及冲进房间救孩子又是什么,房顶就塌了。


He ran off before i could stop him. 我还没有来得及阻〗止,他已经跑了深深地吸了一口气。

句型8

it was + 时间段+before…。“过了多□久才(怎么样)……”


it was not long before…。“不久,就……”


it will (not) be +时间段+before…。“要过多久(不久)……才……”(before从句谓语动词◤要用一般时态)


[例句]


it was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.不久他就意识到他边缘处境的危险。


it was five days before he came back. 五天后他才回来。

句型9

in case of…(+n.) “以防;万一”;


in case that…“以防,万一……”(谓语动◣词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)


[例句]


Please remind me about it in case i forget/should forget. 万一我忘了,请提醒我。

句型10

it强调句型


强调句的基本构成:it is/was + 被强调的部分 + who(主要石千山无声指人时)/that + 其余部分


[例句1]


i saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.


→it was i who saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.(强调主语)


→it was in the street that i saw him yesterday afternoon.(强调地点状←语)


→it was yesterday afternoon that i saw him in the street.(强调时间状但只要历史大势没有改变语)


→it was him that/who i saw in the street yesterday afternoon.(强调宾语)

句型11

(1)、祈使句(表条件)+ or/or else/ otherwise + 主句(表结果)… “否则…,要不然…”


(2)、祈使句(表条件)+ and +主句(表结果)


[例句]


Please call me up before you come, otherwise/or else/or we might be out


你来之前打个电〇话,否则,我们也许会出去。


Work hard and you will make progress every day. 好好学习,天天向上。

句型12

…until…。“直到……时候”;not…until…“直到……才……”


[例句]


You are to stay until/till your mother comes back. 你得等到你妈妈●回来。


Not until all the fish died in the river did the villagers realize how serious the pollution was.(倒装句)


等到湖里的鱼全死光了,村民们才意识到污染是多么严重。

句型13

unless…“除非,如果不……”(=if…not)


[例句]


I shall go tomorrow unless it rains. 如果¤不下雨,我明天去。


I won‘t go unless he comes to invite me himself.除非他本人弱点七寸来邀请我,不然我是不会去的。


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